Produces epinephrine (adrenal). The central area of the
Major mineral regulatory hormone produced in the first layer
of the adrenal cortex zona glomerulosa.
The membrane enveloping the fetus
A protozoa (microscopic organism) that may cause disease of
the intestinal tract.
The removal of a limb or other appendage or outgrowth of the
A condition seen in dogs and cats when a deposit of
extracellular protein-like substance develops in the kidney
An organism that grows without oxygen
Describing a substance that helps reduce pain and nausea
Allergic reaction to a substance that may cause
life-threatening respiratory distress, followed by collapse of blood pressure
A connection or opening created by surgical, traumatic or
pathological means between two normally separate spaces or organs
A substance producing male features
Relates to a reduced amount of red blood cells in whole blood
The administering of a substance (fluid, gas, etc.) to reduce
sensitivity; used on or in the body to allow for invasive procedures that may
allow for surgical intervention.
An abnormal enlargement of a blood vessel
A pain on the left side of the chest and/or leg
Appetite loss. Can apply to animals that haven’t eaten in one
or more days or weeks.
Describing a substance that is destructive to worms
A specific substance produced by immune cells in the body to
protect against foreign organism.
A substance to stop the blood from clumping or clotting
A foreign protein that may elicit a specific antibody
A substance to stop irritation and itching.
A substance that helps reduce the spread of organisms.
The terminal opening of the digestion tract.
The lack of development of tissues or organs in the body.
Commonly seen in young canine kidneys.
Irritation of an artery.
It is common for aging cats and dogs to suffer from painful
joints, which happens from normal wear and tear. Arthritis is a degenerative
joint disease that is also called osteoarthritis.
A sterile area of tissue.
A machine that removes fluid and air from a body cavity.
Asthma is a more frequent feline ailment than canine. It’s a
condition in which the airways leading to the lungs become inflamed and spastic.
This causes excessive amounts of mucus to build up.
A loss of muscle control that leads to swaying, staggering.
The inability of a lung to expand normally.
The unhealthy reduction or diminishing of tissue. For example,
reduced muscle size. May be indicated by enhanced protrusions of boney
A disorder when the body has a specific antibody or immune
response that rejects the body’s own red blood cells.
A reduction or complete loss of blood flow to a tissue or
An excessive amount of nitrogenous waste products in the
An excessive amount of nitrogenous waste products in the
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A substance produced in the liver that is excreted into the
first part of small Intestine.
Pigment production from the breakdown of red blood cells. This
product circulates in plasma and may be excreted in urine.
A sample of tissue taken for identification of medical
A rock-like structure that develops in the bladder. Signs
include difficult urination, urinating in abnormal places, or urinating with
A form of fungus that may cause disease in the body.
Commonly known as Kennel Cough, Bordetella bronchiseptica is
the name of the specific germ that causes an infection and subsequent
inflammation of the trachea (wind-pipe) and bronchi.
A toxin produced by a bacteria that causes vomiting, diarrhea,
and muscle weakness.
Slow heart rate.
Closing of the bronchia due to muscle spasm.
An abnormal sound heard with a stethoscope.
A large fluid or air-filled cyst.
A fluid-filled sac usually occurring over a joint to help with
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Abnormal deposits of calcium compounds, usually referring to
A deposit of minerals, like calcium in the tissue of the body.
A moon-shaped organ or cavity occurring in the body.
A tunnel-like passage in the body.
Cancer is an uncontrolled growth of cells inside or on the
body. It’s not uncommon in pets and appears in dogs with about the same
frequency as people. Veterinary oncologists specialize in cancer.
A small vessel that connects arteries to veins.
A malignant growth made up of epithelial cells that tend to
invade other tissues and spread (i.e., cancer).
A gristly connective tissue attached to bones, found in
juvenile and adult patients.
Surgically removing the testicles. Reasons for castration
include hypersexual activity, chronic prostatitis, testicular tumors and tumors.
This procedure should not be done without a reason. A vasectomy is safer in a
An opacity of the lens of the eye.
Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract
causing abnormal mucous secretions.
A tubular instrument placed into various cavities and organs
of the body.
Procedure to chemically or electronically alter tissue
Describing a substance that can cause damage to tissue.
Chemical treatment to alter specific disease processes.
Enlargement of the small lymph nodes in the inside cornea of
A glucosamine substance that occurs in cartilage, bone, blood.
Inflammation or irritation of the choroids retinal structure.
A digestive enzyme that occurs in papaya.
Relates to the scarring of tissue and reduction in size of
A type of common ‘protozoa-like’ organism living in the small
intestine often causing bloody diarrhea.
An inflammation or irritation of the large bowel (colon).
Conjunctivitis refers to an inflammation of the eyelid’s
lining of the eyelid. The signs of conjunctivitis are red, swollen lid tissue
and itchy, water eyes. The most common cause of conjunctivitis are airborne
Constipation in dogs is often caused by overfeeding them with
bones. A veterinarian can help relieve the animal. Signs include straining
without stool production, hard and dry stools, chronic vomiting.
A bend or twisting of a tubular suture.
The clear surface structure of the eye. One layer on the back
of the cornea controls water metabolism of the eye.
A dead body.
Old references to red and white blood cells.
The external layer of a structure or organ in the body.
Hormone secretion produced in the middle layer of the adrenal
A hormone produced from the middle layer adrenal cortex (zona
Cortisoid Binding Globulin
Binds plasma cortisol to a globulin called transcortin.
The bony part of the head or skull.
A sudden change in a disease process where the disorder may
Partially descended testicles.
Mineral products occurring in urine.
The scraping away of materials from the body surface,
structures, and bones.
Hyperadrenocorticism, also called Cushing’s Disease, occurs
when too much cortisone is secreted from the adrenal glands. This results in a
number of serious signs that include increased thirst and hair loss without
Pertaining to the skin.
A walled-off area of tissue with a ‘secretory’ membrane
(production of unnatural materials). This becomes a small lump in the skin that
is freely moveable with concise borders. This may rupture on its own and then
treated as an open sore.
A cyst formed around a tapeworm larvae that occurs in
The opening of the bladder through surgery.
The substance occurring around the nucleus of a cell.
A substance that causes damage to specific cells.
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Irritation of the lacrimal sac.
Flaking and shedding of skin in an abnormal manner. This can
be a sign of an imbalance or also a sign of healing.
A loss of calcium in bony tissue.
Surgical removal of the first join on each of a cat’s digits
to remove their nails.
A chemical that reduces swelling in usually respiratory
The reduction of tissue mass due to circumstance or age.
The state of loss of fluid in body cells and blood stream.
Irritation of the skin.
Abnormality of the skin.
A remnant of a ‘thumbnail’ on the front and rear paws in cats
and dogs. If detached from the bone at birth.
A lack or development of a lack of a pituitary hormone that is
necessary for reclaiming water from the kidneys
A lack or binding of insulin from the pancreas that helps
regulate blood sugar levels. Most commonly seen in middle-aged to older dogs and
Perfusion of intravenous fluids to help cleanse the kidneys
and help reduce their abnormal function.
A tear in the muscular membrane that divides the lung cavity
from the abdominal cavity. Can be caused by trauma or genetics.
Liquid-like condition of the feces.
A synthetic type of estrogen.
A chemical that occurs in nature or is synthetic that causes
the heart to contract more forcibly.
Larva with pointed tail that is often confused with heart worm
Heart worm larva.
The fibrous elastic cushion that is found between vertebrae
and helps absorb shock. It consists of a fibrous outside ring and a pulpy
A chemical that helps destroy bacteria and contaminants.
The orderly removal of body parts.
Refers to the farthest structure.
A virus that causes a pneumonia-like lung disorder that leads
to brain disorders, trauma, and death.
Relates to excess hair of the eyelids that grow inward,
causing irritation and sometimes leading to conjunctivitis.
A chemical causing excessive urination.
Usually refers to a pouch of the esophagus as it passes
through the diaphragm.
Anatomical word for the top of a structure (e.g., dorsal side
of a torso).
Refers to a pharmacological level of a chemical to be given to
a patient for maximum effect with lowest risk of undesired outcome.
Refers to fluid that leaves an open area.
A tubular structure leading from one organ to another.
A fetal vesicle that helps bypass the lungs, from the heart to
Loose and runny stool.
Abnormal development of tissue.
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During birth or thereafter, a lack of blood calcium that
causes shaking and/or seizures.
A folding out of the eyelids causing irritation.
Excess fluid in tissue. Signs include a swollen area of skin.
A disease caused by a ricketsia.
A measurement of electrical activity of the heart that also
determines any cardiac interrupting between the atria and the ventricles.
The use of electricity-heated wire to alter various tissues,
used mainly to coagulate incised vessels.
A chemical substance necessary to continue life that is found
in the body and in nature. When ingested, electrolyte solutions dissolved and
transform into electrically charged particles, capable of conducting sodium and
A restraining collar designed to prevent an animal from
licking and biting itself, usually used after a surgical procedure.
A term used for crushing certain male spermatic structures to
obtain testicular removal.
A chemical that causes vomiting.
A fibrous condition of lung tissue disallowing oxygenation and
Refers to a build-up of pus in a body cavity.
The hard white substance on the outside of the tooth.
Irritation of the brain.
Refers to a softening of the brain tissue.
A disease that is fairly predictable in a population of
Refers to the internal lining of the airways in the lungs.
Refers to the membrane lining of the heart.
Refers to an irritation of the lining of the heart.
Refers to the system of organs that secretes hormones.
Refers to the pulp cavity of a tooth.
An inflammation and production of purulent discharge due to
Refers to the lining of the uterus.
An instrument that is used to help visualize body cavities and
The medical procedure for examining the digestive tract.
A layer of cells that line many internal structures and
Within the main air duct in the body.
An irritation of the small intestines.
A surgical incision into the small intestines.
A disorder produced by the bacteria in the small intestines
that find their way into the blood stream.
Entropion is a condition describing which the pet’s eyelids
have rolled inward. This can lead to conjunctivitis and corneal lesions. Signs
include closure of the eyes, plus excess tearing, red eyes, or white spots on
the surface of the cornea.
The surgical removal of an eyeball.
A type of protein that enhances certain reactions to processes
in the foods and nutrients.
A type of white cell thought to block an allergic reaction.
A cell type that covers and lines many structures in the body.
The outer layer of the skin.
Tubular structure associated with the testicles.
The tissue flap that opens and closes to protect the voice box
Convulsions, or epileptic seizures, are not uncommon in pets.
These convulsions are caused by abnormal electric impulses in the brain, which
then causes seizures. The less severe condition results in “petit or grand mal
a hormone produced from the center of the adrenal gland.
A cartilaginous disk residing at either end of a long bone.
A nose bleed.
A medical effect caused in a limited population of animals due
to a specific disease which may not be widespread.
A non-0malignant gum mass.
A balance between opposite forces or influences. It may refer
to a chemical equilibrium, or a physical one.
Referring to horses.
Stiffening of the male sex organ for the purpose of
Inflammation or redness of the skin.
A red blood cell.
irritation of the esophagus.
Tubular structure or intestine-like tissue that connects the
mouth to the stomach.
Produced not only by the ovaries, but also adrenal cortex –
inner layer – zona reticularis. It is the main estrogenic hormone when the
animal is not pregnant.
A metabolic product from estradiole and estrone. Often found
in female urine as a high excretion product.
A protein hormone produced by the inner layers of the adrenal
cortex and ovaries. It is a combination of estradiol, estriol, and estrone.
Oxidized from estradiol and androstenedione. It occurs in
greater concentrations in the pregnant animal.
Heat cycle of a female.
Surgical removal of a portion of the anatomy.
The passage of waste materials.
Refers to an eye that abnormally protrudes forward out of the
Extra growth of abnormal bone.
A chemical that helps loosen respiratory secretions.
Any muscle group that straightens a limb.
Outer skin-covered cartilage structure.
Relates to a secretion from a lesion.
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F.I.V. (Feline Immunodeficiency Virus)
FIV is a virus that affects cats, often fatally so. Often
called ‘kitty AIDS,’ the virus is thought to destroy the immune system of cats
and makes them very susceptible to infection from other terms that they normally
are not exposed to.
The connective tissue sheets that cover muscles.
Uncontrolled muscle spasm.
Relating to the stool.
A rock-like structure made of stool that occurs in the
Notes with the acronym FeLV, it’s a disease that can be
transmitted through saliva and urine. Leukemia can cause reproductive failure
and autoimmune anemia. this virus may cause weight loss or death.
Referring to cats.
Production of female hormones occurring in males.
The bone in the upper leg.
Making an opening into a structure like bone.
The union of a sperm with an egg.
Referring to the fetus.
Medical instrument that is tubular and allows for viewing
Uncontrolled spasms in the heart chamber.
A protein substance in serum that is necessary for the
clotting of the blood.
A protein in the blood that is changed to fibria.
A non-malignant mass made out of connective tissue.
A malignant mass made of connective tissue.
A small bone attached to the tibia in the lower leg.
A small microscopic larva from a nematode.
Feline Infectious Peritonitis, inflammation of the peritoneum
(membrous lining of the abdominal cavity). Signs include stiffness and pain when
touching the abdomen, absence of feces, and fever.
Valley-like structure in certain organs.
The stabilization of an anatomical structure.
The area in front of the hips up to the last rib.
The flea is an insect that sustains itself by feeding on the
blood of host animals. Flea infestation can lead to a host of health issues for
pets. Generally, healthier and cleaner animals are less like to face flea
Usually refers to any muscle that draws a limb into the body.
A natural liquid occurring in the body.
A type of dye used in the eye to identify fresh damage to the
Depression in an organ or cavity.
Irritation of the structure that holds hair.
An opening or hole in a bone.
An abnormal substance in the body.
A concavity or depression in bone.
Damage to a bone.
Free Fatty Acids
Substances that cannot be synthesized by the body and must be
obtained from dietary sources that are not esterified .
Plant-like organism growing on or in the body.
The part of a structure farthest from the head.
Coalescing of structures normally not attached.
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A saculation in the liver necessary for a portion of
Abnormally fast heart rate.
Over-production of antibodies by certain white blood cells.
A network or mass of nerves.
Devitalization of tissues; dead tissues.
Production of air from the digestive tract.
Irritation of the stomach.
Suturing the greater curvation to the ventral abdominal cavity
to avoid future bloat or gastric torsion.
Surgically opening the stomach.
Refers to inherited traits.
Refers to the external sex organs.
Genetic picture carried by an animal or person.
Archaic term for a disease-causing micro-organism.
The time needed to grow from embryo to birth.
A protozoa-like organism causing chronic diarrhea.
See periodontal disease.
An accumulation of cells producing protein-like substances
An increase in fluid in the eye, causing bulging and other
effects like corneal ulcers and loss of vision.
A protein antibody substance produced by one immuno cell.
Inflammation or irritation in the tubular structure of the
Adrenal hormones, like cortisol, hydrocortisone, and
A protein-like substance produced by the pancreas to help
increase blood glucose.
A simple sugar that comes from glucogen and foods to feed
A source of glucose stored in the liver.
Usually an enlargement of the thyroid glands, often due to an
A protein-like substance that causes effects on the testicles.
A non-malignant growth made of fibrous tissue.
A derivative of penicillin mold that acts against external
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A microscopic organism that acts as a parasite on red blood
Dental problems or poor digestion are the typical cause of
halitosis, a more commonly called “bad breath.” If dental disease is ruled out,
a veterinarian may recommend a special diet supplement or diet.
Loss of electricity in the heart that could stop function of
Inability of the heart to function as a normal organ.
Heartworms are parasites (a parasite is an organism that lives
off another animal or organism to survive). While heartworms are not themselves
contagious, they are transmitted from animal to animal by mosquitos.
A malignant tumor of the vascular system.
A term describing the presence of blood in vomit.
Supplement that enhances the growth of blood cells.
The measurement of red blood cells as compared to serum.
An accumulation of blood in an unnatural area of the body.
Abnormal blood flow into the spinal cord.
Production of blood cells.
The presence of blood in the urine.
A protein associated with red blood cells for the transport of
The presence of hemoglobin in urine.
When red blood cells break up and are destroyed in serum.
Often a genetic disease causing lack of blood clotting.
Refers to the liver.
A chemical that is used to kill unwanted vegetation and
An animal that east only plant matter.
Inheriting certain genetic traits from the parents.
The presence of both male and female sex organs.
Abnormal passage of anatomical parts in the wrong tissue. A
weak spot or other abnormal opening in a body wall permits part of an intestinal
organ to move into an abnormal site.
Refers to a disk in the spine that ruptures.
Hip dysplasia is a disease involving the ‘ball and socket’
joint of the hip, where the hind leg attaches to the pelvis. Symptoms of hip
dysplasia can be related to arthritic changes that occur as a result of
A chemical released from certain cells that cause capillary
A tumor made up of certain cells.
A term to describe the agreeability of tissues from different
animals to maintain a homeostasis (well-being).
The microscopic description of tissue anatomy.
A parasite with larva that penetrates the skin of hosts upon
contact. Most often in dogs on skin that contacts the ground.
A chemical protein acting as a messenger to body organs that
have specific receptors. Hormones cause specific regulatory effects on those
organs and are produced by other organs or body tissues.
A bone in the upper arm that joins with the shoulder.
The lack of drainage of fluid.
The increase in the size of the kidney due to lack of urine
The use of water to help disease.
Accumulation of fluid in the purse that covers a joint.
Producing too much cortisol.
Abnormal sensitivity that often relates to the nervous system.
The over-angulation of a joint.
Increased levels of antibody.
Elevated blood glucose levels.
Higher than normal potassium level.
Excess existence of callous materials on the skin, usually on
Excess amount of fat in the blood.
Increase in size of tissue without the presence of a tumor.
Increased blood pressure.
Elevated body temperature.
In hyperthyroidism, which is more common in middle-aged to
older pets, the thyroid gland enlarges as its functional tissue stretches beyond
Refers to a solution more dense than water and other fluids.
Increase in the size of tissue.
The inserting of too high-level quantities of vitamins.
Too much fluid in the blood vessels.
Under production of adrenal cortisol due to injury or trauma
to the adrenal gland.
Low blood calcium.
Reduced levels of chloride.
Low blood sugar. Signs include muscle weakness and lethargy.
Low blood potassium.
The process of reducing sensitivity, typically refers to
Low blood pressure.
Low thyroid hormones.
Reduced oxygen in the body.
Surgical removal of the uterus.
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Adverse health condition caused by a doctor.
Irritation of the lower small intestine.
Area of intestine between the lower intestine and colon.
The process of developing protection by way of vaccines.
A reduced state of antibody and cellular protection.
A special protein produced by specific immune cells.
A chemical or substance that reduces the protection in the
An alteration of the immune system with chemicals.
Genetic breeding that is improperly related.
An opening in the body that is created with a scalpel.
An extra vacuole appearing in the cytoplasm of a cell.
Urinary incontinence occurs when an animal loses the ability
to control its bladder to hold urine. Signs are when the animal urinates
involuntarily, when awake or asleep. Causes include spaying, abnormal bladder
position and estrogen imbalance.
Tissue that is inflamed or swollen.
An area of dead tissues, often relates to the heart.
A disease that is passed from one organism to another.
The loss of ability to create embryos.
Irritation and swelling of an anatomical structure.
Refers to the groin.
A secretion that has thickened.
A hormone produced by the pancreas to regulate blood sugar.
A benign tumor that produces insulin.
Location between cells.
Refers to the area between the fingers or phalanges.
Spaces between tissue.
Within the skin.
Region located inside the bone.
Area located inside the vein.
A telescoping of the intestine upon itself.
Irritation of the iris or cilliary apparatus.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome is common and can be enhanced by
diet, allergies, bacteria, or internal parasites. A primary symptom is diarrhea
but occasionally results in vomiting as well.
Same density as water or serum.
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Middle area of the small intestine.
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Production of callous-like skin
Keratitis sicca describes a condition involving a lack of
tears to cleanse and lubricate the eyes. This can lead to conjunctivitis and
Irritation of the surface of the eye and white membrane of the
A degeneration of the cornea.
Increased amount of ketones in the body and blood stream.
Relates to stumbling and/or dragging the extremities.
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Bony canal connecting the inner ear.
Refers to the tear-producing system of the eye.
Production of milk from a mammary gland.
Immature form of an organism that is different in form and
Inflammation of the membrane of the voice box, or larynx.
A structure made of muscles and cartilage, located in the
throat, that contains the vocal cords. Also called the voice box.
Cleaning out an organ or cavity, like the stomach.
A traumatic abnormality of tissue; including wounds, sores,
A reduction in the number of white blood cells.
A chemical substance used to eliminate intestinal and lung
A band of tissue that connects bones or cartilage.
A material that is used during surgery to tie off the end of
blood vessels, intestines etc.
Pertaining to an edge or margin of a part of the body.
Pertaining to the tongue.
An excess of fats in the blood.
A kind of fat tissue.
A fatty non-malignant deposit that appears between the skin
and muscles (subcutaneous).
A malignant fat cell tumor.
Large, dark-red organ in the abdomen that stores and filters
blood, secretes bile, breaks down fats, develops serum proteins, detoxifies
A well-defined part of an organ or body part.
A psychosurgical procedure in which nerve fibers are cut to
separate a lobe of the brain and the thalamus.
Pertaining to one spot; not general.
A term used to symbolize the first beat of a heart’s cycle.
Refers to the lower portion of the vertebrae.
Any parasitic worm that inhabits the lungs of a host animal.
Abbreviated ‘LE’, is an autoimmune disorder.
Malposition of a skeletal structure.
A severe polyarthritis of digs. most commonly transmitted by
A slightly yellow liquid contained in the lymphatic system of
Inflammation of lymph nodes, sometimes in indicator of
Inflammation of a lymphatic vessel, sometimes an indicator of
A type of white cell.
A type of white blood cell malignancy.
The presence of more than one lymphoma in the body.
Naturally occurring amino acid.
Destruction of a cell caused by a specific agent.
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Softening a solid material by soaking it.
A class of large white cells that are activated by
An area or spot distinguished by color from its surrounding
A commonly used insecticide for topical administering to
A term describing a progressively more severe affliction.
the bone that forms the lower jaw.
A skin disease affecting domestic animals that can be caused
by a hormonal antibody imbalance (demodex) or a contagious mange which is
An inflammation of the mammary gland.
One of the two bones that forms the upper jaw.
A widely administered anthelmintic (anti-worm agent) that
destroys gastrointestinal and lung worms.
Developed in the full-term fetus, represents the first stools
passed by the fetus.
Medical Ice Age
here for definition.
The inner part of an organ.
Enlargement of the colon often associated with chronic
Enlargement of the esophagus.
A dark pigment located in the skin, hair, and certain nerve
Malignancy of pigment producing cells, most common in dogs,
cats and people.
A thin layer of tissue that covers a surface.
Inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal
A round, smooth structure; often refers to the cartilage in
A membrane that attaches organs to the body walls.
The middle of three primary layers that make up an embryo’s
Describing a situation in which a parasite dominates a host
The combined physical and chemical processes in which an
organism maintains homeostasis.
The transfer of a tumor from one organ to another.
Reflects the spread of a primary malignancy (a cancer).
Pertaining to the forehead.
Inflammation of the uterus.
A disorder associated with smaller blood vessels.
A microorganism, often referring to a harmful bacterium.
Larva of an adult worm found in the bloodstream; the larva are
ingested by biting insects and transmitted to another permanent host.
Describing a type of animal with a poor sense of smell.
Aldosterone and desoxycorticosterone and small amounts of
A type of very small arthropod that are either free-living or
parasitic on animals and plants.
A fleshy wart that may contain pigment.
The change in the feathers, skin, or fur of an animal.
Pertaining to a single part.
One undescended testicle.
Refers to the ability to move voluntarily.
A slimy substance lining a mucous membrane.
Refers to mice or rates.
An abnormal sound heard in the heart.
A change in programmed genetic structure.
Removing or damaging an essential part of the body.
A disease that is caused by a fungus.
Abnormal dilation of the eye’s pupil.
Cutting and removing a muscle or part of a muscle.
The fatty substance surrounding nerve fibers.
nflammation of the spinal cord.
Describing any harmful disturbance of the functioning of the
Referring to the muscular tissue of the heart.
Describing a non-inflammatory disease of the thickest layer of
Refers to an abnormal development of muscle tissue.
Refers to the presence of globulin in the urine.
Any disease attacking muscle tissue.
Inflammation of muscle tissue.
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A temporary, drug-induced depressed state that affects the
central nervous system.
Pertaining to the nose.
The death and decay of cells.
The period of time immediately following birth.
A type of uncontrolled tissue growth which can be malignant or
A benign or malignant tumor.
Removing a kidney during surgery.
Inflammation of a kidney.
Referring to a nerve or nerves.
Inflammation of a nerve.
A degenerative disease of the nerves found in dogs and cats
Pertaining to the nervous system.
Referring to a quality that modifies psychotic behavior.
The branch of science that studies the nervous system.
A tumor-like mass of nerve fibers.
Referring to disturbances and disorders of the nervous system.
A small mass of tissue, can be normal or abnormal.
A node that can be felt by touch.
An involuntary movement of the eyes.
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Excessive amount of fat in the body considered outside normal
Refers to a clogging of a structure.
Pertaining to the eye.
Pertaining to the movement of the eyeball.
A disease affecting the teeth.
Pertaining to the system that provides the sense of smell.
An animal that eats both plant and animal matter.
Also called ‘declawing,’ surgical removal of claw or nail.
When a nail or claw loosens or separates from its bed.
Removing one or both ovaries, also called ovariectomy.
Inflammation of the eyeball.
Pertaining to the eye.
Pertaining to the socket that holds the eye.
Inflammation of the testes.
A part of the body that works somewhat independently for a
An opening of any body cavity that serves as an entrance or an
Surgery that address skeletal system functioning.
The passage of a solvent between two membranes.
Transforming or forming bone or a bony substance.
Inflammation of the bone.
Inflammation of bone and cartilage.
The development of bone.
A non-malignant tumor consisting of bony tissue.
Any disease of a bone.
A condition in which there is a loss of bone matter.
Cutting into bone tissue.
Pertaining to the ear.
Inflammation of the ear.
Pertaining to an ovary.
The female reproductive gland which produces eggs.
Pertaining to sheep.
The process when the egg (ovum) is discharged into the
The egg produced by the female.
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The roof of the mouth.
An easily ‘felt’ tissue (i.e., the doctor an feel it).
Pertaining to the eyelid.
A large gland in the abdomen that produces enzymes that assist
in the breakdown of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats.
Inflammation of the pancreas.
Also known as feline distemper, feline panleukopenia is very
contagious viral disease. It is not related to canine distemper. The signs of
feline distemper include fever, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea and death
Inflammation or irritation of fatty tissues.
A benign wart.
Refers to the surgical puncture of a cavity.
Partial or complete loss of motor function in a body part due
to injury or trauma to neural or muscular mechanisms.
When the hind limb(s) suffers paralysis.
A plant or animal that lives on or within another organism
that typically suffers in some way so the parasite can live.
When there is partial paralysis.
Canine Parvo Virus can be a fatal disease, especially among
young puppies. the highly infectious agent destroys the intestinal lining of
affected dogs and causes them to vomit severely and have bloody diarrhea.
Any substance or organism that produces disease.
Pertaining to the chest.
The general ailment known as Periodontal Disease, or Gum
Disease, is very common in pets.
A mild seizure, often difficult to detect in animals.
Inflammation of a vein.
A small blister that is caused by a burn.
Pertaining to the diaphragm.
An organ in mammals that connects the mother and the offspring
that allows for the selective exchange of fluids and substances.
A network of veins or nerves.
An illness that causes inflammation of the lung.
Abnormally frequent urination.
A steroid hormone that is the primary hormone that helps
prepare the body for pregnancy.
Predicting the direction and outcome of the course of a
A secondary sex organ in a male animal that produces a fluid
to provide sperm nutrition and mobility.
An irritation (inflammation, infection, or enlargement) of the
When a missing part of the body is replaced with an artificial
Itching, a symptom of many skin disorders.
The time when an animal first becomes able to reproduce.
A substance used in flea control.
Pertaining to the lungs.
The area in the middle of the eye that expands and constricts
in order to control the amount of light that reaches the retina.
Pertaining to the eye’s pupil.
The formation or presence of pus.
A liquid substance created as an inflammation product. It’s
rich in protein and made of white blood cells and cellular debris matter.
A cyst that contains pus.
A significant discharge of pus.
Pertaining to fever.
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Paralysis affecting all four limbs.
To be placed in a restricted area for observation.
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Rabies can cause severe illness and death in animals and
humans alike. It’s a viral disease that can infect all mammal can be infected,
but the susceptibility of species varies widely.
The vertebral column.
A molecule that recognizes and binds with chemicals and
A small empty space.
A gene that may be present but only recognized in the absence
of a dominent gene.
Pertaining to the rectum.
The end of the large intestine.
describing an animal that is lying down and cannot rise on its
The process in which blood is temporarily removed and then
Returning to a previous state.
The backward flow of a liquid substance.
When the body does not accept a treatment, organ or graft.
When a disease returns after its apparent disappearance.
Pertaining to the kidney.
The act of breathing via exchanging oxygen and carbon-dioxide.
The internal part of the eye onto which light is projected and
Pertaining to the retina.
Inflammation of the retina.
The long feathers on either side of the tail in domestic
Fine cracks in the skin.
Inflammation of the mucous membrane in the nose.
Occurring in the nose.
A calcium-deficient disease in juvenile animals caused by a
deficiency of Vitamin D or phosphorous.
The most forward part of the body (e.g., beak or snout).
A class of internal parasites that most commonly invade the
gastrointestinal tract; appearing elongated, cylindrical, and migrate out of the
intestines as a larva and reaches the lungs and is coughed up and swallowed as
An offspring that is smaller than average in size.
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A bone attaching the lower spine to the pelvis (hip bone).
Produced by saliva glands in the mouth.
A highly malignant tumor that can develop quickly and reside
in muscle tissue.
Also known as scabies, a very irritating skin ailment caused
by a particular mite. Lesions lead to self-trauma that causes loss of hair.
Also known as Sarcoptic Mange, a very irritating skin ailment
caused by a particular mite. Lesions lead to self-trauma that cases loss of hair
A distinguishable mark that remains after healing.
Examining the feces.
The white part of the eyeball.
Pertaining to the scrotum.
The pouch of skin and tissue that contains the testes.
Pertaining to the glands that produce oil to lubricate the
Producing a liquid or fluid.
An agent that calms the central nervous system to reduce its
The sudden attack of a disease; often refers to convulsions in
Epilepsy. Grand Mal and Petit Mal represent the most severe, and the least
The fluid that is discharged with the male ejaculation.
A process to reduce sensitivity of an organism to a foreign
A disease spread widely within the body due to persistent
harmful bacteria or virus.
A wall that divides a body space.
A hormone that helps with the transmission of nerve impulses.
The fluid that is left after solids have been removed.
A tubular envelope surrounding different tissue.
A collapse of the vascular system.
A passage between two natural channels that can occur
physiologically or through surgical procedure.
Inflammation of a salivary gland.
A clinical observation of a disorder.
A cavity or channel.
A cheesy-like secretion from the foreskin of the penis.
An involuntary, sudden expulsion of air caused by an
irritation of the nose.
A sudden involuntary contraction or twitching of muscle
The male reproductive cell that maps genes and fertilizes the
A muscle that encircles a channel and closes or opens the
Pertaining to the pulse.
The part of the central nervous system that is contained in
the spinal canal, protected by vertebrae.
A large organ in the abdomen whose primary function is
Pertaining to the spleen.
Inflammation of the spleen.
A stiff external support used in treatment of displaced or
Also called Wobbler Syndrome, a congenital conduction in which
a cervical vertebrae is displaced. Most common in large breed dogs.
Thick mucous secretion that is formed in the lungs.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Relatively common malignancy that arises from epithelial
A discoloration of the skin.
Use of artificial discoloration for enhanced ability to
examine tissues, cells, or other microorganisms through a microscope.
To stop the flow of fluid, blood, or intestinal contents.
Inflammation of fatty tissue.
A disorder in which excess fat is seen in the feces.
Reduction in diameter of an opening or tube.
A process to reduce or remove pathogens; also refers to
rendering an animal incapable of reproduction.
Pertaining to the sternum.
The breastbone of an animal.
Complex hormones that are important in many of the boy’s
Difficult breathing, often resulting in snoring.
A medical instrument used to amplify the body’s sounds that
relate to the heart, lungs and the abdomen.
The muscular structure that aids in digestion.
Difficulty with urination.
Sheets of tissue.
A streak or line.
Between the epidermis (top layer of skin) and the muscles
Under the tongue.
Partial loss of position of a bone at the joint.
Use of stitching to close a surgical or traumatic wound.
The abnormal enlargement of an area or body part.
When two separate entities work together.
A type of joint in which bones are firmly held by cartilage
A temporary loss of consciousness.
A combination of clinical signs that are commonly seen when a
medical effect occurs.
The thick fluid inside joints that lubricates moving parts.
The contraction of the heart during which blood is pushed into
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Abnormally fast heart rate.
Describing rapid eating.
Abnormally fast breathing with short, shallow breaths.
Referring to feeling or touch.
A class of internal parasite that is elongated and somewhat
flat. In most cases, tapeworms do not pose a serious health risk.
A build-up of yellowish matter formed of calcium phosphate and
carbonate that is deposited on teeth by saliva.
An amino acid found only in animal products. Taurine is often
required to avoid heart enlargement.
Nipple or Areoli.
Inflammation of tendons.
A strong connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone.
Painful straining during defecation or urination.
The male gonad.
A potentially fatal disease caused by bacterial infection,
most commonly following a traumatic injury. Causes muscle spasms.
An antibiotic effective against many different microorganisms.
Part of the brain that functions as a relay station for
synapses traveling into the cerebral cortex from the spinal cord and brainstem.
Pertaining to heat.
Producing heat within the body.
Pertaining to the chest.
The area of the body between the neck and the abdomen.
A collection of blood cells that cause obstruction.
An involuntary twitching of a muscle.
A tick is an external parasite that feeds on the blood of
pets. animals with regular time outdoors, especially in brush or high foliage,
are most likely to be bitten by ticks.
When a wound is cleaned and dressed.
Restoring normal tone.
A small mass of tissue located in the throat and associated
with a lymph node.
Pertaining to the outer part of a body.
A tool, including make-shift, to control bleeding by pressing.
The weakened condition caused by the spread of bacteria in the
blood. Toxic Poisonous.
The study of chemicals that cause illness in animals.
A poisonous substance.
The windpipe, an air passage from the larynx to the lungs.
Pertaining to the trachea.
Creating an opening to the trachea directly through the neck.
A long bundle of tissues or organs.
A pulling force to preserve proper positioning of a fractured
A condition determined by genes; also used to describe a
specific genetic defect.
Adding whole blood or blood components directly into the
The condition when a disease can be spread from one animal to
To remove and replace tissue from within one body or into
A type of injury, usually by an external force.
The process of attempting to reduce or eliminate a patient’s
Repetitious twitching of a skeletal muscle.
Disease caused by fungi that affects the hair.
Disease affecting the hair.
Having three points.
An instrument used to puncture a membrane and remove fluid or
Bony or fibrous structure that is shaped to accommodate
A type of dermatitis caused by a specific mite.
Pertaining to nutrition.
Pertaining to the trunk.
To remove part of the uterine tube.
A swell or a bulge.
A disease caused by bacteria called Myobacterium that case a
variety of symptoms in different animals.
A raised area.
A growth of tissue with progressive development.
A coating or covering.
Part of the cavity in the middle ear.
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An area of erosion of tissue. Ulcers can occur externally or
Describing a stimulation or substance that causes ulcers.
Cutting into scar tissue.
The navel, or ‘belly button.’
Describing a lower jaw that juts farther forward than the
Pertaining to the claws.
An excessive amount of nitrogenous waste products in the blood
stream due to kidney failure, also known as azotemia.
The process of urination.
The tubular structure that carries urine from the kidney to
Inflammation of a ureter.
The tubular structure that carries urine from the bladder to
Inflammation of the urethra, caused by infection or trauma.
The analysis of a urine sample, performed to identify any
Waste matter that is secreted by the kidneys, and stored in
Uroliths are also called bladder stones, which are formed when
minerals clump together in the urine.
A hollow organ in the female in which the fetus develops.
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To administer a vaccine.
A small sample of specific microorganisms to stimulate the
body’s immune system to produce protective antibody.
The canal in the female that opens to the external genitalia.
A fold in a tubular structure that prevents a reverse flow of
the moving material contained within the passage.
Inflammation of a valve.
A tissue or organism that is distinctly different from the
average specimen but still alike enough to be classified the same.
A swollen vein.
The duct that carries sperm from the testes to the urethra.
Pertaining to blood vessels.
Irritation or inflammation of a blood vessel.
Removing part or all of the vas deferens.
A carrier of disease or infectious agent that transfers it
from one host to another.
A blood vessel that carries de-oxygenated blood back to the
Caused or transmitted by sexual intercourse.
A poison produced by an animal for predation or self-defense.
Pertaining to the veins.
A small cavity.
Cutting into the bladder, usually to redirect the flow of
A small sac filled with liquid.
Any tubular structure that carries a liquid.
A bone segment that is part of the spine.
A small protrusion.
Pertaining to a virus.
A small protein particle that may cause disease.
Describing a liquid or liquid-like substance that is thick
Necessary to live.
Giving birth to offspring that develop inside the female.
An intentional action.
In any case of persistent vomiting, take the animal to a
veterinarian. If you believe that the vomiting was caused by a toxin or poison
(e.g., a dog drank some detergent or a cat ate a toxic plant), rush the animal
on for care.
The contents of the stomach that have been expelled during
The female’s external genital organs.
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Walleye refers to several conditions: Leukoma, when the cornea
of the eye develops a white opacity; heterochromia iridis, where the iris
becomes blue-white or pink-white.
To separate the offspring from nursing on the mother.
A particular area on the skin afflicted with edema.
Also called spondylolisthesis, a congenital condition in which
a cervical vertebrae is displaced. most common in large breed dogs.
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A substance that is not natural to an animals’ biological
A process executed with the skin from another species of
The cell created when an ovum is fertilized by a sperm.